Egypt continues to battle inflation as its foreign money loses worth


Egypt continues to battle surging inflation amid a dramatic slide of its foreign money as many Egyptians wrestle with worth hikes, the nation’s statistics bureau stated Tuesday.

The state-run Central Company for Mobilization and Statistics launched figures exhibiting that the annual inflation was at 21.9% final month, up from 19.2% in November. That’s in comparison with 6.5% in December 2021, earlier than inflation ballooned in 2022, following the outbreak of Russia’s battle on Ukraine that rattled the world economic system.

Costs in Egypt rose throughout many sectors, from meals gadgets and medical companies to housing and furnishings. Meals costs elevated by 4% on the typical in December, with fruits and dairy merchandise main the checklist with 7.6% and 6.4% spikes, respectively.

The upper inflation has inflicted heavy burdens on shoppers, particularly lower-income households. Almost 30% of Egyptians dwell in poverty, in keeping with official figures.


Jason Tuvey, an analyst with Capital Economics, a London-based service that gives in-depth financial evaluation, stated the bounce in inflation was the very best because the finish of 2017 and predicted extra hikes.

“With the pound having weakened even additional because the flip of the yr, inflation will proceed to choose up over the approaching months,” he stated.

Most of Egypt’s greater than 104 million inhabitants has suffered from worth hikes because the authorities launched into an formidable reform program in 2016 to overtake the nation’s battered economic system. That program included painful austerity measures like flotation of the Egyptian pound and the slashing of subsidies for gas, water and electrical energy.

A crowded street is shown above in Cairo, Egypt, on April 14, 2020. Egypt continues to battle inflation amid a dramatic slide in its currency, according to the country's statistics bureau on Jan. 10, 2023. 

A crowded avenue is proven above in Cairo, Egypt, on April 14, 2020. Egypt continues to battle inflation amid a dramatic slide in its foreign money, in keeping with the nation’s statistics bureau on Jan. 10, 2023. 
(AP Picture/Nariman El-Mofty, File)

The economic system was additionally hit laborious by the coronavirus pandemic, and the fallout from the battle in Ukraine. Egypt is the world’s largest wheat importer, with most of its imports having historically come from japanese Europe.

On Monday, President Abdel Fattah el-Sissi described the scenario as “very troublesome,” urging folks to belief his administration. The federal government has sought to curb state spending, halted the implementation of expensive new tasks that devour international foreign money, and ordered state companies to embark on austerity measures.


Selections in latest months by the nation’s Central Financial institution to boost its fundamental rate of interest and devalue the Egyptian pound have set off an financial shock that hit tens of millions who discovered their financial savings working low as the price of residing surged.

The measures had been meant to struggle growing inflation and meet necessities of the Worldwide Financial Fund for a bailout mortgage amid a scarcity of international foreign money. Final month, the Central Financial institution introduced it goals to convey down inflation to about 7% by the fourth quarter of 2024, although it wasn’t clear how that might occur amid the present traits.

The IMF accepted the $3 billion help bundle for Egypt after a sequence of reforms, together with the foreign money devaluation that noticed the pound lose greater than 40% of its worth in opposition to the greenback since March 2022.

The U.S. foreign money traded Tuesday at greater than 27.5 kilos for $1.

The reforms included permitting a higher position for the personal sector within the economic system and hikes in gas costs, in keeping with an IMF report launched Tuesday.


The federal government additionally pledged to gradual funding in public tasks to struggle inflation and scale back consumption of international foreign money, in keeping with a letter of intent Egypt despatched to the IMF on Nov. 30.

El-Sissi’s authorities has been investing large quantities of funds in infrastructure tasks throughout the nation, together with a brand new capital, new cities and a community of recent roads and railways.